The Olduvai Gorge is one of the most important archaeological museum sites in Tanzania. It is located in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area in Northern Tanzania.
Olduvai is a misspelling of “Oldupai” which means “the place of the wild sisal” in Masai. The site is also referred to as the “Cradle of Mankind” as it significantly shows the increased development and social complexities in the earliest humans. Paleoanthropologists have found fossilized bones and stone tools as evidence to conclude human evolution in Africa. In 1979, the paleo-anthropological site was designated as UNESCO World Heritage site.The evidence also suggests that the hominids competed with carnivores such as lions, hyenas and leopards based on the bones found at the site.
In the 1930s, archaeologists Louis and Mary Leakey began a series of extensive excavations at Olduvai Gorge and made some remarkable discoveries that changed the world’s understanding of where we come from. One hall of the museum is dedicated to the Leakey family and their work at Olduvai Gorge.
A visit at Olduvai is best combined with a safari in the Ngorongoro Carter.
Walk in the Grand Canyon of Humankind
To learn more about the history of our ancestors
You can visit Olduvai Gorge while driving between the Ngorongoro Crater and the Serengeti. You can drive straight to the sites where Louis and Mary Leakey discovered homini.